Epilepsy in dogs: symptoms and causes

Epilepsy in dogs: symptoms and causes

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Epilepsy in dogs: it is often very impressive, but the crises that so "show" are not the real disease. L'epilepsy in dogs it often has a specific cause and should not be underestimated, but not even a reason to marginalize or isolate our animal. Or preclude him from a fun and social 4-legged life that he can easily lead. In complete safety.

L'epilepsy in dogs is linked to the increase in the activity of some neurons present in the cerebral cortex which cause a general increase inbrain electronic activity. From increase to increase, muscle activity also increases, which can even reach the level of generalized involvement with effects such as unconsciousness and contractions.

L'epilepsy in dogs could be idiopathic, that is, with unknown and genetic causes, or secondary. In this last case, theepilepsy in dogs it is linked to metabolic decompensation, intoxication, brain trauma, neoplasms and infections of the brain area. It may be due, for example, to a stroke or a brain tumor that caused damage to brain function, generating too intense electrical activity.

The causes ofepilepsy in dogs are numerous, the diagnosis must be made in the clinic.

Epilepsy in dogs: diagnosis

The first steps of diagnosis forepilepsy in dogs they are usually the blood profile, the biochemical profile, the urine test, an X-ray and an Echo. All this can be used by the veterinarian to identify the main cause but for theepilepsy in dogs idiopathic, the animal can present all the perfect test results. At this point, more expensive procedures such as CT and MRI are needed.

Epilepsy in dogs: how to cure it

For theepilepsy in dogs there is only therapy aimed at reducing the symptoms and consequences associated with them. It is usually based on barbiturates, Potassium Bromide and Diazepam are also used with good results. If there are frequent relapses of epilepsy in dogs you can start with low doses of medicine to inhibit such attacks, always relying on your veterinarian who will also know how to advise you since anti-epileptic treatments are often based on substances that are then eliminated from the body through the liver, so it becomes a priority to keep under control the liver functions.

During a epileptic seizure there is not much to do to control it but we can help our dog not to get hurt, for example by moving any object with which he could injure himself. It is also useful to speak kindly to the dog during the attack and cover it with a blanket or stroke it, while in case of epilepsy in dogs don't put your hands in their mouths or try to hug them. It is better to keep the attacked dog away from other dogs that may react badly not being able to understand what is happening. For the rest it is better to wait until everything ends.

At that point, the dog usually turns out confused, disoriented: he often begins to wander aimlessly and it may be that he sees little, momentarily, and that he is a little more irritable than usual, hungry and thirsty abnormally. Better to stay close to him and keep an eye on him, but woe to marginalize him or keep him under a glass dome, depriving him of the opportunities for leisure and life in the open air for fear of a sudden attack. It makes no sense and is useless.

Epilepsy in dogs: symptoms and predispositions

When it happens, it must be said that there are breeds predisposed as they are predisposed toepilepsy in dogs the young ones and the large ones. The breeds for which theepilepsy it manifests most frequently there are: Labrador retriever, Golden retriever, Beagles, Dachshund dog, Irish Setter, Cocker Spaniel. Also German Shepherds they suffer from it but sometimes their "crises" not caused by canine epilepsy from a wide and different category of diseases.

THE symptoms types ofepilepsy in dogs they are sudden and recurrent attacks of muscular, sensory and psychic dysfunctions, with or without convulsions and loss of consciousness. An attack of epilepsy in dogs it produces involuntary contractions of muscles and can affect all muscles or be localized.

A mild attack of epilepsy in dogs sees our 4-legged friend with partial movement control, while some of his muscles perform random and uncontrollable movements and the brain's electrical activity is slightly uncoordinated. It can be seen by seeing it prey to vertigo, with the "fixed gaze" and other forms of non-coordination.

Epilepsy in dogs: the stages of an attack

Most of the episodes of epilepsy in dogs lasts from one to 3 minutes, if it goes beyond, much further, it is better to immediately contact a veterinarian. A epileptic crisis canine can be divided into four stages, the first phase (prodrome) is characterized by changes in mood and behavior: dogs often become "sticky" and seek physical contact with the owner. Then comes the part called Aura where i appear early symptoms (restlessness, licking, salivation, tremors, vomiting, inability to sit still, moans) and immediately after the actual attack, the stroke.

The third phase ofepilepsy in dogs it is the most "frightening": it is a period in which the animal could lose consciousness, grind its teeth, wiggle head and legs, drool excessively, shake the paws and lose control of the bladder and intestines. When everything calms down, in the “Post-ictal” phase, the dog is confused, as we said, as if he were drunk, drugged, blind or deaf. Then it passes, while we are close to our friend, not making him lack water and food.

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