Our complete list of all breeds of cats includes 57 spokes, was created using different Italian and international sources to make it as accurate as possible.
Any race can understand different variations and different colors: consider for example that for the Persian cat there are more than 20 types.
Another way of classifying cat breeds, distinguishes between Long-haired, semi-long-haired, short-haired or hairless cats.
For some of the most common breeds we have also included a photograph, so that it can be identified more easily.
The breeds of cats are listed in alphabetical order to allow a faster search. The name of each cat breed is associated with a dedicated article in which you will find detailed information on appearance, characteristics, character, price and much more.
List of all cat breeds
1) Abyssinian Cat
It is a short-haired cat, originally from Ethiopia and widespread in Egypt where it was worshiped as the incarnation of the goddess Bastet, the anthropomorphic deity who in Egypt is depicted with cat-headed statuettes.
It has a uniform coat (Abyssinian or ticked tabby) characterized by regularly alternating bands of different colors, with an apricot-colored root. The tip can instead be of various colors.
The Abyssinian Cat has a quiet and obedient character and is endowed with a marked intelligence.
2) American Curl cat
It can come in two variants, short-haired and long-haired, the latter characterized by a distinctive tuft of hair that is longer on the ears. This variant was recently created from a spontaneous genetic mutation that occurred in the 1980s in a litter that took place in Lakewood, California.
3) American Shorthair cat
The American shorthair cat is one of the most popular and popular breeds in the United States. It is in fact a strong cat, agile but at the same time affectionate, homely and friend of children. However, it keeps the hunting instinct very much alive, as it is the descendant of cats brought to North America by English colonists to protect ships from mice.
4) American Wirehair cat
It is a breed generated by a spontaneous mutation that occurred in 1966 in the state of New York, characterized by a hard and curled coat. It has a curious and affectionate character.
5) Turkish Angora Cat
It is a breed originating from Turkey (Angora was the ancient name of the city of Ankara), widespread since 1600. It has a slender physical structure with long hair. The original color of the breed was white but today black, gray-blue, red and brown color variants are widespread.
The eyes are orange in most cases, less frequently blue and in some cases rarer odd colored (one orange and one blue eye).
6) Balinese cat
This is the cat breed that I am most attached to because I have owned a Bali Island cat for 16 years! It was called Super and you can see it in the photo above while I was cuddling it in the 80s, complete with a larger photo than the others in its honor! :-)
Many consider him the smartest of all longhaired cats. It is a sociable cat and always ready to play until old age, with spectacular blue eyes.
In 16 years he has scratched me only once: “a tempting big toe” that came out of the sheets and that perhaps he had not recognized! :-)
Be careful not to confuse him with the Java Island cat, much thinner and with a square face, otherwise he will be offended!
7) Bengal cat
It is a hybrid breed obtained in the United States from the cross between a domestic cat and an Asian ocelot. It has a characteristic spotted coat and, after the fourth generation of the cross, has a gentle disposition. He is always full of energy and uses his large expressive eyes to communicate.
8) Burmese Cat
Also known as the Sacred Cat of the Island of Burma, it is a long-haired and fluffy cat with blue eyes and a large muzzle. It is a "social" cat that adapts well to the presence of other cats.
9) Russian Blue Cat
It is a short-haired cat, gray-blue in color, strong but very tame. The most famous example is probably "Vashka" who was the cat of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
10) American Bobtail Cat
It is native to North America and is characterized by a very short tail, so much so that it seems "cropped" to those unfamiliar with cats of this breed. It has a short or semi-long coat and a muscular structure. It has a bristly coat and variable color. It is a rather rare breed.
11) Japanese Bobtail Cat
It is a widespread and popular breed in Japan. It has a very short tail (a few centimeters)
He is often portrayed with a paw raised in greeting in the lucky statuettes that sometimes welcome visitors to Japanese homes. It is a refined and very sociable cat.
12) Bombay Cat
It is black with yellow eyes. Affectionate and prodigal in purring with the owner, he tries instead to impose himself with other cat breeds. On the other hand, he gets along better with dogs!
It is agile, with a rounded head and distant eyes.
13) British Shorthair cat
The most common variant is gray-blue, with short hair. It is a loyal cat, fond of its owner and characterized by a very large muzzle.
14) Burmese Cat
It is a short-haired cat widespread in the United States since the 1930s, brought from the Island of Burma (but which should not be confused with the Balinese Cat or Sacred Cat of the Island of Burma). She loves being in the arms of the whole family and has large gold eyes. It is also known for being very long-lived.
15) Chartreux Cat (Chartreux)
It is a rare and ancient short-haired breed, widespread in France where it was introduced in 1100 by the Knights Templar returning from the East. It is an affectionate cat, with a very particular meow and that easily adapts to living with other cats or dogs. It is gray in color, with yellow eyes.
16) Chausie Cat
It is a hybrid breed created in the United States, in the 1960s, from the crossing of domestic cats with the so-called "Jungle Cat" (Felis Chaus). It is a lively and faithful cat, with thick and short hair.
17) Colorpoint Shorthair cat
It is a breed recognized only by the Cat Fanciers' Association, originating from the crossing of the Siamese Cat (from which it inherits its appearance, distinguished by its lighter color, and character) with other oriental breeds.
18) Cornish Rex Cat
It is a thin and slender cat with a small head in proportion to the body. It has a higher body temperature than the average one of other cats so it loves warm environments. It is an intelligent and affectionate cat.
19) Cymric Cat
It is a lively cat and great hunter, originally from Canada. It has a soft coat, of medium length and coexists without problems with other pets. One of its peculiarities is that it does not have a tail!
20) Devon Rex Cat
It is a short-haired breed, originated in England in the 1960s. It has a slender body and very large ears that allow it to recognize their name and that of the owner!
It has short, thick hair and a long, thin tail.
21) Egyptian Mau cat
As you can guess from the name, it is an Egyptian cat breed. Short-haired and spotted, intelligent and loyal, he can instead hide when strangers arrive due to his shyness. This cat breed, like the Abyssinian Cat, was also worshiped as a simbol by the Egyptian gods of Bastet and Ra.
22) Exotic Cat
A thick and soft coat are the characteristics of this breed obtained by crossing the Persian Cat with the American Shorthair, in the late 1950s. The Exotic has short and strong legs, small ears and large orange eyes. It is a very quiet cat that tends to bond a lot with its owner and therefore does not like to be left alone.
Its flattened snout generate excessive secretions from the nasolacrimal duct which is good to cleanse periodically with a cotton swab soaked in water.
23) Java Island Cat
Despite the name, this breed was born in the United States and owes its name to the custom of naming long-haired cats of the oriental type, with the name of Asian locations. It has a tapered shape with large ears and a small head. They can be excellent hunters, even for their cunning. With age they can suffer from hearing disorders, arthritis problems and strabismus.
24) Havana Brown Cat
The name of this short-haired breed derives from the chocolate color of the coat reminiscent of Cuban cigars. The Havana is an intelligent and possessive cat who does not like the company of other cats. If sterilized, it can gain considerable weight.
25) Highlander Cat
It is a long-haired, spotted cat, reminiscent of the appearance of a lynx, with rounded ears and a short tail. It is an intelligent cat and likes to interact with humans.
26) Himalayan Cat
It is a long-haired breed recognized since 1956, derived from that of the Persian, crossed with that of the Siamese. It is a cat with a calm and affectionate character. To prevent problems related to the ingestion of hair or knots of the hair itself, it would be good to brush it every day, while it will look at you with its fantastic blue or blue eyes.
27) Khao manee cat
It is a rare breed with short and white hair, originally from Thailand, also known as "Diamond eyes", for its beautiful heart-shaped eyes, blue, straw yellow or two different colors (preferred variety by lovers) .
He has an athletic body and an active, intelligent personality.
28) Korat Cat
It is a short-haired breed, silver-gray in color, originally from Thailand, known since 1300. In Thailand the breed is called Si-Sawat ("Sawat seed color") and is considered a bearer of good luck and for this reason considered a welcome gift. The name Korat derives instead from the province "Nakhon Ratchasima" (of which this cat is native), called "Korat" by the Thai population.
It features a lean body and sweet character which makes it a great companion for children. They can also get along without problems with other cats or dogs.
29) Kurilian Bobtail cat
It is a race originating from the Kuril Islands, disputed between Russia and Japan. It has a massive structure, with short or semi-long hair and short tail. It has a shrewd and kind character and can be very long-lived, reaching to live between 15 and 20 years.
30) LaPerm cat
It is a short-haired, curly-haired cat (perm in English means wavy), which is particularly fond of its owner and who likes to show his affection with physical contact. He loves being caressed and reciprocates with purring in abundance.
Its coat can have different colors. It often has streaks and large white spots.
31) Maine Coon Cat
It is one of the oldest (1861) long-haired breeds widespread in North America and, as its name suggests, it is native to the state of Maine. It is a very beautiful cat, with a long and dense tail of long hair, a large body (the male can exceed 15 kg in weight) and well proportioned.It is a faithful and playful cat who loves to spend time in the company of the his master.
It can have many colors. Among the most popular is the red tabby and white one, shown in the image above.
32) Manx Cat
It is the native cat of the Isle of Man and characterized by the absence of the tail, generated by a natural genetic mutation, verified in 1800. It is a balanced cat with excellent hunting qualities. It may have a coat with different colors and streaks.
33) Munchkin Cat
It is a recent breed, born in the United States in 1983 and characterized by very short legs. For this reason and for the possible physical problems that can ensue, it was recognized with some controversies only in 1995.
It is a joyful and sociable cat, it can have different colors, with or without spots and streaks.
34) Nebelung Cat
It is a breed born in the United States but its name is inspired by the German word "nebel", fog to indicate its gray color with blue reflections. It has a very dense semi-long hair and a long and graceful body. Its character is lively with a marked intelligence.
35) Norwegian Forest Cat
It is a cat native to Northern Europe, with very long and thick hair that makes it suitable for living even in very harsh climates. He has powerful muscles that make him an excellent climber. He has a good-natured and patient character and also gets along well with other cats or dogs. The coat has different colors with large white patches.
36) Ocicat Cat
It is a short-haired cat, with a lively temperament and a strong sense of territoriality. For this reason it does not like to share its space with other animals. On the contrary, he loves being able to access open spaces so he is not a great "house cat". The breed originated in Michigan in 1964. It has an agile body and large ears relative to its head.
37) Oriental Cat
It is a cat with a slender body and a long, thin neck, with long-haired and short-haired variants. They need to move and climb and are hardly lazy. As for the color, there is plenty of choice as it has more than 300 varieties.
38) Persian Cat
It is one of the most widespread and appreciated breeds, for their beauty and for their gentle and affectionate character. It is the perfect house cat that however needs daily care to maintain its long hair: it should therefore be brushed frequently to avoid the formation of knots and hairballs that could be swallowed and vomited.
His beauty has also made him the protagonist of many appearances in famous films such as 007 Goldfinger Mission, Enter the Dragon and Austin Power. The breed originates in Iran (ancient Persia) but is now widespread all over the world, with an abundance of colors.
39) Peterbald Cat
It is a breed originating in Russia that has short hair or is completely absent. It has a slim and elegant body with a long neck. It is curious and intelligent and willing to live with other cats without problems. He doesn't like being left alone for long periods.
40) Pixiebob Cat
It is a breed born in the United States, with a spotted coat and hair of varying length. It can frequently be polydactyl, presenting from 6 to 7 fingers anteriorly and 5 to 7 fingers posteriorly. It has a very short tail and is a rather rare breed. He has a quiet and affectionate character but he needs attention. He hates being left alone.
41) Ragamuffin Cat
It is a cat with semi-long, dense and soft hair. It is a variant of the Ragdoll breed born in 1994. It is an excellent family cat, very patient and therefore suitable for living with children. It has a remarkable size, with a muscular body and a broad muzzle with large eyes. It features a cape of different colors.
42) Ragdoll Cat
North American breed with blue eyes and muscular structure. It is a tame and affectionate cat, increasingly widespread also in Italy. Its dominant color is white with brown patches, especially on the muzzle.
43) Savannah cat
It is a breed with a regal bearing, born from the cross between the African ocelot, from which it inherits the spotted coat, and the domestic cat. It is taller than average and has large ears. It is a lively and curious cat, with a rather high price.
44) Scottish Fold cat
It is a breed born in Scotland from a spontaneous genetic mutation that led to a singular folding of the tip of the ears forward. The body is robust and the character extremely sweet, ideal companion for children.
The most frequent colors of the coat are gray and black although there are many specimens of other colors.
45) Selkirk Rex Cat
It is a semi-long-haired breed born in Montana, United States, in 1987. It is a cat with a unique "shaggy" looking coat. It is an excellent apartment cat: intelligent and affectionate.
46) Siamese Cat
It is a very ancient short-haired breed, widespread in Thailand, as early as the fourteenth century. In the 20th century it became one of the most popular breeds in Europe as well. He has a slender body, with large ears and beautiful blue eyes but above all a very particular character: very fond of his master, cunning but also arrogant and boisterous (hard to ignore his meow!). Its characteristic cream color with brown legs, tail and spots on the muzzle make it a decidedly elegant cat with great personality.
47) Siberian Cat
It is a semi-longhaired breed of cat, with a muscular and agile body. It is in fact an excellent jumper and in many ways resembles the Norwegian Forest Cat. The Siberian is also a good family cat, affectionate and playful.
Among the advantages of this cat there is also the fact that, unlike other cats, it is also tolerated by people allergic to cats. The colors are many; among the most common is the spotted brown.
48) Singapura Cat
It is a short-haired breed of Asian origin (Singapura is the name of Singapore in the Malay language) with the smallest size of all cat breeds. It has a gray or brown "ticked" coat, with large green eyes and pointed ears. He often has a shy and reserved character.
49) Snowshoe Cat
It is a rare short-haired breed born in the United States in 1960, from a cross between an American Shorthair Cat and a Siamese Cat. It has a cream coat with more or less intense shades of brown. He has a lively and bright personality.
50) Sokoke Cat
It is a breed recently born in Kenya, in the Arabuko Sokoke Forest, hence the name. It has a short-haired coat and a medium-sized size, with sturdy legs and a rather small head compared to the rest of the body. It is a very active cat, who likes to run, play and even swim! It adapts to apartment living if the square footage is large enough.
51) Somali Cat
It is a long-haired breed born from a spontaneous genetic mutation from an Abyssinian Cat, to which it resembles for all its other characteristics (other than the hair), including its calm and obedient character. The most frequent color is golden brown but the coat can take on as many as 28 colors.
Despite being a longhaired cat, the Somali cat has the advantage of losing it all in the same period of the year and not continuously as happens to the Persian cat, with the related grooming problems.
52) Tabby Cat
This breed, or rather a mixture of races, derives its name from Sorìa (Syria) where it was widespread in the wild. It is essentially a mixed breed cat, originated from crosses between various breeds. Its coat is short and has brindle or striped patterns. The color gray or brown, with black streaks or orange with lighter streaks.
It is an intelligent cat, skilled in hunting but also affectionate and playful.
53) Sphynx Cat
It is a breed completely devoid of hair (or more precisely so short as to be invisible) and for this reason most people do not like it aesthetically. The skin, however, is the same color that the coat would have assumed if it had existed. While they seem "thin" due to the absence of hair, they have a muscular body, especially as regards the neck, and very large ears.
The character is very affectionate and the cuddles are particularly appreciated.
54) Thai Cat
This breed corresponds to the Traditional Siamese, which differs from the current Siamese, which we wrote about earlier. The Thai Cat comes from 11 cats that were imported in 1870 from the ancient Kingdom of Siam in Great Britain.
The main differences concern the body, more muscular than the current Siamese and the larger head and with proportionate ears. Short coat and blue eyes are common characteristics. The character is “less capricious” and more sociable, even with guests.
55) Tonkinese Cat
It is a breed born in Canada in the 1930s, from a cross between a Siamese Cat and a Burmese Cat. It has a medium sized body with a small head, especially in relation to the decidedly large ears. The coat is usually gray or light brown in color. He has a sociable character and loves interacting with humans.
56) Toyger Cat
It is a short-haired breed with a medium-sized, rather muscular body and a brindle coat with black streaks on a brown background. He has an active and attentive character and is always inclined to play.
57) Turkish Van Cat
It is a medium-long haired breed developed in the United Kingdom and quite rare. The color of the coat is white with the exception of a part of the head and tail, which is black. The eyes are blue, amber or alternating in color. It is an excellent companion cat, lively and very intelligent.
Cat breeds: general characteristics
Each cat breed has developed particular characteristics over the course of evolution, not only in terms of appearance but also in terms of character and longevity. Nevertheless, we believe it is useful to indicate some general information referring to an overall average between the different races.
Scientific name of the cat: Felis catus, based on the nomenclature adopted by Linnaeus in 1758.
Cat classification: The cat is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the felidae family.
Spread of the cat in the world: The cat is the feline that has the highest number of specimens ever in the world. It is a domestic animal but an increasing number of specimens are becoming wild, with the relative dangers.
Longevity of the cat: it is necessary to distinguish between the longevity of specimens born and raised in the wild, which live on average between 2 and 16 years, and specimens that grow in a domestic environment, which live on average longer and can even exceed 20 years. The oldest cat in the world with an established age has turned 26 and is still alive, it is called Corduroy.
Weight of the cat: On average, the weight of a cat in nature varies between 3.5 and 4.5 kg even if often (and unfortunately, given the consequent health problems!) Some domestic cats exceed 5 kg.
Length of the cat's tail: It is between 28 and 30 cm long.
Cat gestation period: It varies between 58 and 67 days in relation to the different races.
Cat sleep hours: The cat is a "great sleeper" and spends more than half a day sleeping, which is a variable number between 12 and 16 hours.