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The transplant to plants is a very important cultivation practice; gives us the opportunity to give the young plants a permanent home in our garden or on our balcony.
However, even a simple operation such as transplanting a plant requires some useful precautions; among the most important precautions we find, for example, that of acclimating our young plants, whether they are in alveolar seedbeds or in small jars. Let's see in detail how to transplant plants following our directions.
How to transplant plants, important rules
- Choose the most suitable period: if you anticipate the time of transplanting too much, the soil may not be warm enough, leading to the risk of frost; if on the contrary, the roots of the seedlings may have grown so much that they become twisted in the jar, thus complicating the taking root phase
- Make sure that at the time of transplanting the seedlings have at least 4 or 5 leaves and an adequate root system
- A few hours before the transplant, lightly water the soil that will have to accommodate the plants, in order to facilitate a better adherence between the soil and the ground bread of the small vegetables
- Transplant after dark or on a cloudy day
- To make the little holes that will accommodate the young plants more welcoming, it is advisable to spread well-mature and sieved compost on them
- Place the seedlings in the holes, or furrows dug previously, with the stem well vertically and the roots well extended: make sure that the collar is level with the ground
- Water generously and gently, not over the plant, but the soil all around. In case of drought you can make a small basin around the plant, so that the water can stay longer, while in rainy periods you can make a mound so that the water can flow faster
- If the seedlings are wilted, place a shading cloth to slow down evaporation
- In the case of mulched soil, carry out the transplant by removing the covering material only from where the planting holes will be made.
- To ensure our plants a luxuriant development it is advisable to water them with diluted nettle macerate.
There are varieties of vegetables that must be planted more deeply: this is the case of leeks, some varieties of cabbage or the tomatoes themselves. Other species, on the other hand, should be positioned more on the surface, such as salads, celery, onions, so much so that they almost seem to 'falter' even when placed in the ground. In any case, a rule applies: compress the earth well around their foot, in this way they will acquire stability and take root more easily.