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To accomplish the compost and not an unsanitary mass of smelly substances, it is important to follow some basic rules. Here we assume that you already have a suitable container to make the home composting in the garden or in a corner of the terrace, bearing in mind that a good one composter can be purchased or DIY made.
What to put in the compost. All vegetable and raw organic waste from the garden and the house: grass clippings, dry leaves, pruning of plants and hedges, spent soil, sawdust and shavings, straw, withered flowers, all the remains of garden cleaning such as uprooted weeds such as nettle, chamomile, purslane and parietaria. And again: fruit and vegetable waste, peels, coffee grounds, tea and herbal teas. There can also be paper and cardboard (not printed) in small quantities and shredded, which otherwise must be destined for separate collection.
What not to put in the compost. All non-vegetable organic waste such as meat, fish, cheese crusts should be avoided because, in addition to attracting mice and parasites, they slow down and make the degradation phenomenon more complex with putrefactive processes. Absolutely avoid detergents and surface treatment products, even if of natural origin, such as colors, waxes, printed paper and cardboard, stones, glass, metals, plastics and everything that is not organic and that would only pollute the compound. .
The maturation process of the home compost (which lasts an average of one year) can be facilitated and accelerated with the addition of bio-activators of natural origin without compromising the ecological quality of the compost. Bio-activators are biologically active substances, easy to find on the market, which accelerate the degradation of organic substances and transform waste into humus in 7-8 months. The most common bioactivators are: lithotamn (red algae flour), rock flour and Bordeaux mixture.